Difference between revisions of "Bink Container"

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(→‎File Format: video flags in header: scaling)
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                     4 = 2x width and height-doubled
                     4 = 2x width and height-doubled
                     5 = 2x width and height-interlaced
                     5 = 2x width and height-interlaced
   bytes 40-43  number of audio tracks
   bytes 40-43  number of audio tracks

Revision as of 16:17, 2 January 2009

This page is based on the document 'Description of the Bink File Format' by Mike Melanson at http://multimedia.cx/bink-format.txt.

Bink files are multimedia files used in a variety of video games, both on personal computers platforms and video game consoles. The files act as containers for data compressed with the proprietary Bink video and audio codecs. Bink multimedia files are known to bear the .bik extension.

File Format

This description is known to be incomplete.

All multi-byte numbers are stored in little endian format.

Bink files commence with a 44-byte header which is laid out as follows. Audio information follows the main header. If there are zero audio tracks, then the headers are omitted.

 bytes 0-2     file signature ('BIK')
 byte 3        Bink Video codec revision (0x62, 0x66, 0x67, 0x68, 0x69; b,f,g,h,i respectively)
 bytes 4-7     file size not including the first 8 bytes
 bytes 8-11    number of frames
 bytes 12-15   largest frame size in bytes
 bytes 16-19   number of frames again?
 bytes 20-23   video width
 bytes 24-27   video height
 bytes 28-31   video frames per second dividend
 bytes 32-35   video frames per second divider
 bytes 36-39   video flags
                  bits 28-31: width and height scaling
                    1 = 2x height doubled
                    2 = 2x height interlaced
                    3 = 2x width doubled
                    4 = 2x width and height-doubled
                    5 = 2x width and height-interlaced
 bytes 40-43   number of audio tracks
 for each audio track
    two bytes   unknown
    two bytes   audio channels (1 or 2). Not authoritative, see flags below.
 for each audio track
    two bytes   audio sample rate (Hz)
    two bytes   flags
                  bit 15: unknown (observed in some samples)
                  bit 14: unknown (observed in some samples)
                  bit 13: stereo flag
                  bit 12: Bink Audio algorithm
                    1 = use Bink Audio DCT 
                    0 = use Bink Audio FFT
 for each audio track
    four bytes  unknown

The audio track flags are similar to those defined for the Smacker AudioRate flags.

Following the header is a frame index table. The number of entries in the table is equal to the number of frames specified in the header. Each entry consists of a 32-bit absolute offset for that frame. There is no length information provided in the table, so the length of a sample is implicitly the difference between frame offsets, and the size of the file (for the very last frame). The absolute offset for the first entry in the table is often, but not always, offset by -1. Data for the first frame always begins immediately after the table, so the first entry in the table can be considered redundant.

Each frame contains (optional) audio and video data. Bytes 12-15 (largest frame size) probably exist to provide the playback application with the largest single buffer it will have to allocate. The layout of each frame is as follows:

 for each audio track
     four bytes        length of audio packet (bytes) plus four bytes. 
                       A value of zero indicates no audio is present for this track.
     four bytes        number of samples in packet
     variable length   Bink Audio packet
 variable length       Bink Video packet

Exe files

Bink data can be contained in exe files. To find where to start decoding search in the file for one of 4 id's:


Note that this is BIK value is in machine order (therefore appears backwards for x86 binaries).

Revision b is found in Heroes of Might and Magic 3, but is not supported by any of the tools published by RAD Game Tools.

External Links