# Discrete Cosine Transform: Difference between revisions

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A '''discrete cosine transform''' (DCT) is a Fourier-related transform similar to the [[discrete Fourier transform]] (DFT), but using only real numbers. DCTs are equivalent to DFTs of roughly twice the length, operating on real data with even symmetry (since the Fourier transform of a real and even function is real and even), where in some variants the input and/or output data are shifted by half a sample. There are eight standard DCT variants, of which four are common. | A '''discrete cosine transform''' (DCT) is a Fourier-related transform similar to the [[discrete Fourier transform]] (DFT), but using only real numbers. DCTs are equivalent to DFTs of roughly twice the length, operating on real data with even symmetry (since the Fourier transform of a real and even function is real and even), where in some variants the input and/or output data are shifted by half a sample. There are eight standard DCT variants, of which four are common. | ||

[[Category:Compression Theory]] |

## Revision as of 22:56, 1 February 2007

A **discrete cosine transform** (DCT) is a Fourier-related transform similar to the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), but using only real numbers. DCTs are equivalent to DFTs of roughly twice the length, operating on real data with even symmetry (since the Fourier transform of a real and even function is real and even), where in some variants the input and/or output data are shifted by half a sample. There are eight standard DCT variants, of which four are common.